Neuromuscular dentistry deals with treating the results of dental irregularities and pain experienced in the regions of the neck, head, and face. A neuromuscular dentist’s prime area of concern is treating the regions of the head, neck, and the face where nerves endings from the teeth are connected.
What is Neuromuscular Dysfunction?
Any type of pain experienced in the regions of the head, neck, and face can be related to the irregularity at the jaw points, imbalanced bite of the teeth, and any type of inflammation of the facial tissues. While patients experience such dental irregularities, the supporting nerves of the connecting tissues spread the pain across other tissues, hence spreading the pain. Neuromuscular Dentistry deals with treating patients who experience unexplained pains in regions of the head, neck, and, face.
What are the causes of Neuromuscular Dysfunction?
The below are the likely causes of a neuromuscular dysfunction:
- Improper bite.
- Any trauma or injury to the TMJ.
- Loss of tooth.
- Unexplained stress.
- Long-standing sleep apnea.
- Clenching of the teeth, which is otherwise known as Bruxism.
What are the consequences of Neuromuscular Dysfunction?
The cause of a neuromuscular dysfunction is many as there are several tissues and nerves that connect the tissues of the head, face, and neck. Here are some the consequences of neuromuscular dysfunction.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint which links the lower jawbone to the skull. Millions of Americans complain of experiencing pain in the jaws, face, neck, and also of recurring headaches. All this could be a result of Temporomandibular disorder (TMD).
The temporomandibular joints will be extensively used throughout the day, as they experience movement when you bite, chew, talk, swallow, yawn, etc. All these activities could put pressure on the TMJ and lead to TMD.
What are the symptoms of TMD?
- Hearing pop sounds from the joints near the teeth.
- Severe signs of teeth sensitivity.
- Facial spasms.
- Noticing ringing sounds in the ear.
What are the causes of TMD?
Excessive pressure applied to the TMJ when you clench your teeth.
Extensive movement of soft tissues near the ball and socket of the joint.
Stress in the facial and jaw muscles.
Any injury to the TMJ caused due to external trauma.
How can TMD be treated?
A long-standing study has come to prove that the cause behind a temporomandibular joint disorder can be related to attributes such as grinding of the teeth, teeth with improper bite, and joint inflammatory conditions that typically put imbalanced pressure on the temporomandibular joints.
They can be treated with the help of TENS (Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation), Ultrasound, and Trigger-point injections.
The above methods will help to soothe and relax the muscles around the jaw points decreasing the severity of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD).