Bonding is a conservative procedure which is used to treat a variety of dental issues such as chipped teeth, cracked teeth, exposed root surface of the teeth due to gum recession, excessive gaps between teeth, decayed teeth, etc. The process of bonding involves the application of a resin on the surface of the tooth and curing it with the help of a high-intensity curing light.
What are the various dental issues that bonding can solve?
- Excessive spacing: Sometimes, there may be a large gap between adjacent teeth. It is too embarrassing when it's on the frontal teeth. Composite resin can be used to close such a gap and make the teeth perfectly spaced.
- Chipped teeth: You may have a chipped tooth which could've been a result of external trauma. Bonding helps in re-shaping such damaged teeth.
- Cracked teeth: Minor cracks on the surface of teeth can be closed with the help of composite resin. It helps in holding a cracked tooth together.
- Decayed teeth: The composite resin can also be used to fill cavities that are results of tooth decay. The decay is removed, the cavity is removed and is filled with the bonding material.
- Gum recession: The root surface of the teeth may be exposed due to the recession of gums. This makes the root surface very sensitive to hot and cold foods. Bonding is used to apply a layer of resin on the exposed root surface in order to reduce the sensitivity.
In addition to the above issues, bonding can also be used as a solution to crooked or misaligned teeth. It can also help in altering the size and shape of teeth which are too small compared to the other teeth. When teeth are badly discolored, bonding is used to improve their color, making them look whiter.
The process of bonding usually takes only one visit to the dentist's office. The tooth that requires bonding is isolated and an etching compound is applied over it. The etching liquid roughens the surface of the tooth so that the resin can adhere to its surface properly.
The bonding resin is then applied to the surface of the tooth, which helps to hold the composite in place. The composite, which is a tooth-colored material, is applied on the surface of the tooth in many layers. The composite is then carefully shaped to match the contour of the tooth. The composite resin is then hardened with the help of a special curing light. It is finally polished and checked for any issue with the bite.
What are the advantages of bonding?
- Bonding helps in resolving various dental issues without altering the tooth structure.
- Since the material used for bonding is tooth-colored, the restoration would be unnoticeable.
- Bonding can be used instead of amalgam fillings. They're both non-toxic and aesthetically pleasing, as opposed to amalgam fillings.
- Bonding fillings can be applied either on the back or on the front of a tooth.
- The restorative method is inexpensive compared to other alternatives.
- It is quick and most often, doesn't require multiple visits to the dentist's office.